Condada de Huelva is nestled half way between the Portuguese border and Jerez DO.The first official records of vine cultivation in the Huelva region date back to the 14th Century although unofficial records claim wine was exported from the region to ancient Rome. During this time the Moors who ruled southern Spain tolerated the pratice. It's believed the wines from this region were taken on Christopher Columbus's voyage to the Americas. The region's wine producing prowess peaked in the 15th Century and then again briefly at the end of the 18th, only to be suppressed by Phylloxerra. Currently, the regions fortified wines are more talked about although this is less and less common.Read More
The DO was established in 1964 and up until 2009, only three styles of wine were permitted: one unfortified and two fortified.
White varieties include: Zalema, Muscato de Alejandria and Pedro Ximenex. Condado de Huelva Joven is a young, lively and dry white wine made from the local Zalema grape. This is starting to benefit from modern production techniques. Red grapes include: Syrah, Tempranillo and Merlot. The two main fortified wine styles are Vinos Generosos and Vinos Generosos de Licor. The former has to be aged for no less than three years, the latter is a sweet fortified style.
The climate is Maritime, with summer cooling influences from the Atlantic and a moderating effect during the winter. Further inland the climate becomes more Continental. The soils iron streaked sands with alluvial sand and limestone subsoil. Shelter belts, trees planted in the path of the prevailing wind, are often used to reduce the impact of adverse conditions.