Vine growth flourished in the Holy Land until the spread of Islam put a sharp stop to the practice. Once the spread was curbed, viticulture was re-kindled. The modern era of vine cultivation began in the 1880's. It wasn't until the 1980's that quality really improved and the wines became more widely recognised. Controversial plantings in the Golan Heights and Upper Galilee have lead to wide acclaim for the rich, full styles of wine.Read More
Kosher and sacremental wines are the two main types of wine produced in Israel, along with brandy. An increasing number of small scale wineries are making a name for themselves.
The most successful varieties planted include Chardonnay & Sauvignon Blanc for whites and Cabernet Sauvignon & Merlot for reds.
The Mediterranean climate is brilliant for vine growth. Mild & warm in the winter with hot and dry summers. The baking summer sun is often too much for grapes to stand up to, even with pruning and drip irrigation to assist. However the heat is moderated by altitude in the Golan Heights and Galilee, allowing consistant, high quality wine to be produced.